Dwarf conifers and Japanese maple trees are excellent options for urban and suburban sites, where space is limited. They combine compact, refined habits with brilliant colors, tasty textures, and cool cones. Plus, they are hardy, tough and almost carefree.
Conifer Kingdom in Oregon caters to customers across the nation who appreciate unique dwarf evergreens and superior Japanese map les. The stock available from Conifer Kingdom includes dwarf pine, dwarf spruce and dwarf fir selections, all essential landscape elements in colder parts of the country, Zones 5-7. These dwarf evergreens offer a range of size, texture, color and form. Dwarf pine, including Japanese pine, Korean pine, Jack pine and laceleaf Chinese pine, produce unique sculptural forms. Dwarf spruce trees take extremely cold conditions, and true fir trees offer exciting foliage color and striking cones. The stock of Japanese maple trees available from Conifer Kingdom includes well over 100 selections in a dazzling range too. With finely dissected foliage or broader, palmate foliage, these dwarf Japanese maple trees offer appealing options for every situation.
Conifer Kingdom is a retail, mail-order nursery that was established to meet demand for dwarf evergreens and Japanese maples, plants that grow slowly and maintain year-round beauty in small spaces. Plants are grown in containers and available in a variety of sizes, from small band pots to dramatic, specimen sizes as big as #200 (~200 gallon) containers of some varieties.
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Understanding dwarf conifers
Conifers range from tiny to massive, but the American Conifer Society defines four categories: miniature, dwarf, intermediate and large. Although the general term "dwarf conifers" is used for evergreens that are smaller than full size, the more specific ACS descriptions will help you choose plants that maintain the size and growth rates you expect.
Miniature conifers grow extremely slowly, less than an inch a year. They stay smaller than one foot in 10-15 years, so they are excellent for troughs, rock gardens and miniature railroads.
Dwarf conifers can be almost as small as miniatures, but will not exceed six feet in 10-15 years. They can grow up to six inches a year, but they increase in size slowly. Use dwarf conifers for year-round structure and interest in large containers and small gardens.
Intermediate conifers are about the size of large shrubs. They range from six feet to fifteen feet in 10-15 years and grow between six and twelve inches a year. Use them to create privacy screens, anchor garden beds and as accents.
Large conifers can be 15 feet or more. They grow more than one foot a year and typically need plenty of room.
Most dwarf evergreens perform best in full sun, though some yellow/golden conifers prefer part shade. Check specific plant descriptions for sun and shade recommendations.
Most Japanese maples grow best in partial shade. Variegated and tender varieties can burn in afternoon sun. Check specific plant descriptions for sun and shade recommendations.
Plant dwarf conifers and dwarf Japanese maples in well-drained soil. Maples have shallow roots and need good drainage. Slightly acidic pH is ideal (a pH around 6.0 is ideal). For a container planting, use a bark-based or peat-based soil mix.
Prepare the site well by digging a hole slightly wider and just as deep as the rootball. Set the tree in the hole and carefully press the removed soil firmly into the hole. Make sure there are no air pockets, which can dry out the root ball. The top of the root closest to the surface should be flush with the soil level.