Abies-Firs Types

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Abies – Fir

Firs generally have quite soft, thin needles and tiered branching patterns. Size options listed as (on firma) are grafted on Abies firma, a species tolerant of heat and humidity. Now firs can be grown even as far south as Georgia!

On Abies Firma
Other Fir Species

Firs are perhaps most well-known for their reputation as ideal Christmas trees. However, the many different available forms and colors lend them to be used in a variety of ways. Generally speaking, fir trees do best with well-draining soil, and good air circulation is also important. Growing firs in containers can be challenging because it is easy to overwater them. Limiting the amount of rainwater they receive can help prevent root rot.

Fir Attributes

Most fir tree species are native to mountainous regions so they are able to tolerate a fairly rocky soil. Mature seed cones easily distinguish firs from the similar-looking spruces because they point upright on the branches instead of drooping down as spruce cones do. Firs offer a wide array of colors. For instance, many of the Subalpine firs (Abies lasiocarpa) are among the brightest blue of all conifers while bright gold varieties like Abies nordmanniana Golden Spreader have brilliant yellow needles.

Selecting The Right Fir

Several factors should be considered when shopping for fir trees. The most important thing to check is whether or not the variety is hardy in your zone. Other factors to consider are the growth rate and plant form, which aid in determining if any given variety is a good fit for the space you have in mind. If you would like helpful suggestions, we are happy to help make recommendations!