Abies nordmanniana - Nordmann Firs

Nordmann Fir is native to the Caucasus Mountains of Russia, Armenia, Georgia, and northeastern Turkey. It is a densely pyramidal tree with glossy, flattened, 1.25” long, dark green-black needles with two white stripes on their lower sides. The reddish-brown, 6” long seed cones sit upright on the branches and disintegrate at seed dispersal, leaving a central spike on the branch. Abies nordmanniana grows 12” to 24” a year, reaching 10’-20’ high in 10 years and 35’-50’H × 15’-25’W at maturity in a landscape setting, and up to 200’ high in the wild. It grows in USDA zones 5 to 8 in full sun to partial shade in rich, moist, acidic, well-draining soil.